The Noble Shaykh Muhammad Ferkoos (may Allah preserve him) was asked:
I work as a merchant in the lands of disbelief in a store that sells small meals. Is it permissible for me that I sell these meals during the day time of Ramadaan after Salaatul-‘Asr knowing that from the customers there are those who are Kuffaar and from them are those who are Muslim. May Allah reward you with good.
All praise is due to Allah the lord of the creation. May the Salaah and Salaam be upon the one who Allah has sent as a mercy for the creation, upon his family, companions and his brothers until the Day of Judgment. As to what follows:
It is not permissible to cooperate with the one who fasting in Ramadaan is mandated upon to begin with, like the Muslims or after the actualization of the condition of Islaam like the Kuffaar, in violating the month of Ramadaan by way of eating food. That’s because it is cooperating upon sin and transgression based upon the statement of Allah:
And cooperate upon righteousness and piety and do not cooperate upon sin and transgression.(al-Maa-idah: 2)
That’s the case because according to the correct view, the Kuffaar are addressed with the branches of the legislation. If they die upon kufr, from an angle the punishment will be based upon that for them not fulfilling the branches of the legislation and from them is the fasting. As for their present case of kufr, then they are only addressed with it after the actualization of the condition of Islaam. It’s possible for you to return back to another Fatwaa regarding this same affair under the title: “The Ruling of feeding the Kaafir During the Daytime in the Month of Ramadaan”. The knowledge is with Allah and the last of our Duaa is: All praise is due to Allah the lord of the creation. May the Salaah and Salaam be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, companions and his brothers until the Day of Judgment.
Algeria 13th of Ramadaan 1428/ September 25th 2007
Source: Taken from the website of Shaykh Ferkoos (may Allah preserve him): www.ferkous.com
Translated by Abu Yusuf Khaleefah
2nd of Ramadaan, 1436 H (06-19-2015)
Masjid Nur Allah, Queens, NYC